Disease-causing germs spread anytime large numbers of
people are together or when people share items. Germs spread more easily during
the colder months, because people spend a lot of time indoors around one
another. Close and frequent contact with others makes it easier for germs to
Immunizations help protect your child from vaccine-preventable infections. Most are given as shots. They:
You can also practice the following basic hygiene and preventive
measures to help prevent illness.
It's impossible to protect your child from all contagious illnesses.
But you can teach healthy habits to help reduce your child's risk of
infections. Teach your child:
Children younger than age 2 need a caregiver's help to prevent the spread of germs. Wash your child's hands frequently, and disinfect shared toys. If your child attends day care, closely review the policies regarding sick children and hygiene issues.
If your child becomes ill, keep him or her out of day care and away from other children until the contagious period has passed. If you are unsure about how long this should be, contact your doctor.
Keep your child away from secondhand smoke. Smoke irritates the mucous membranes in your child's nose, sinuses, and lungs, making infections more likely.
When in a
public area, such as an airport or restaurant, be aware of the risk of exposure
to germs that can make you and your child ill.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerJohn Pope, MD - PediatricsSpecialist Medical ReviewerElizabeth T. Russo, MD - Internal Medicine
Current as ofMarch 3, 2017
Current as of:
March 3, 2017
John Pope, MD - Pediatrics & Elizabeth T. Russo, MD - Internal Medicine
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Last modified on: 8 September 2017